Literacy Curriculum

Nurturing a love of reading and writing.

At Eltham Church of England Primary School, we follow the programmes of study for English which are set out year-by-year for Key Stage 1 and two-yearly for Key Stage 2. The single year blocks at Key Stage 1 reflect the rapid pace of development in word reading during these two years. Our Long Term Plan for writing and reading highlights the texts, skills and progression of expectations and outcomes from Year 1 to Year 6, ensuring coverage of the National Curriculum and progression of expectation for each genre through a child’s time at Eltham Church of England Primary School

Long-term plans: Years 1 -6



At Eltham Church of England School, we strive to nurture a love of reading and recognise the importance of children becoming fluent and confident readers. Children access a wide range of texts throughout their time at school. Children enjoy hearing texts read to them through their English lessons, story time and reading workshops in Reception and Key Stage 1. Teachers help children acquire the tools to become confident readers through the rigorous teaching of phonics, vocabulary and key comprehension skills. Parents and carers are encouraged to read at home with their children regularly and record this in home contact books. We use Oxford Reading Tree banded books, which are phonetically decodable, to teach reading in Reception and KS1. In Year 3 to support transition ‘real’ banded books are used to continue the progression in reading. Reading is taught every day. In Key Stage 1 reading is taught as part of a carousel of activities which include spelling/phonics, grammar and punctuation, (until the Spring term of Year 2). Home reading books in EYFS, KS1 and Y3 are selected according to the colour banding structure. In Y4-Y6 the vast majority of children are able to select appropriate texts from a range of high quality books in class libraries.


Children study new vocabulary and word meanings as well as practicing key comprehension skills such as inference and prediction, we also support the teaching of vocabulary through the ‘Word Aware’ scheme. Children learn a new word related to a curriculum area each week. The new word is learnt through a multi-sensory approach including a rap and action! Throughout KS2 (and from the Spring term of Year 2), Guided Reading is based on a ‘whole class approach.’ Teachers carefully select texts from a range of genres before planning schemes of work in order to support the children’s progress in Decoding, Evaluating, Retrieving, Inferring and authorial Choice (DERIC). Whole Class Guided Reading sessions have selected whole texts and text extracts based on End of Year expectations which are prescribed by the National Curriculum and resourced through a combination of schemes (e.g. PiXL, Classroom Secrets, Curriculum Topics covered in science, history, geography). The components of our reading curriculum are DERIC.  We are enabling our children to be confident in the skills of reading meaning that Whole Class Guided Reading sessions focus on key reading skills and through modelling both verbally and in written form, teachers provide clear structures for children to learn the skills of reading.   Therefore the composite of learning these skills will be children confident in accessing learning that takes place across the curriculum, have a knowledge of a range of genre texts that they will be exposed to in their daily lives and an enjoyment of literary texts.


Reading pledge

Eltham Church of England School are making a Reading Pledge. Its aim is to ensure reading for pleasure is establish securely in our children’s lives and within our whole school community. Click here to have a look.



At Eltham Church of England Primary School, we use a whole-text approach to teaching Literacy and the writing curriculum which is also linked to a curriculum topic. Literacy texts form an important part of our curriculum review cycle, which ensures they are well matched to children’s reading preferences and emerging themes. This ensures that engagement is maximised as children enjoy the texts studied and are well motivated to learn. Alongside engaging texts, we use Development Matters and the English National Curriculum to plan and design exciting and imaginative opportunities for learning.

The programmes of study for writing at Key Stages 1 and 2 consist of:

  • transcription (spelling and handwriting)
  • composition (articulating ideas and structuring them in speech and writing).

Writing has a well-developed profile at Eltham Church of England Primary School. In order to make good progression in writing, children need to:

  • Enjoy writing and recognise its value,
  • Write with confidence, clarity and imagination,
  • Write grammatically correct sentences that are punctuated accurately,
  • Understand the features of and how to write in a range of genres and non-fiction texts,
  • Plan, draft, revise and edit their own writing,
  • Develop an adventurous and broad vocabulary,
  • Know their next steps and how they can make their writing better,
  • Develop fine motor skills to ensure consistent mark making with increasing dexterity, to produce recognisable letters, developing into a continuous cursive style of handwriting,
  • Use phonological knowledge and spelling rules to spell accurately.


Spelling, Vocabulary, Grammar, Punctuation and Glossary

There are two statutory appendices in the English National Curriculum on Spelling and on Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation. Spellings are taught weekly and at KS1 form part of the Guided Reading carousel of activities. Spellings are sent home in children’s Home contact Book for them to learn and at the end of the week there is a weekly spelling test. Grammar and punctuation is taught as part of the literacy lesson. Grammar and Punctuation is also taught through shared and guided reading and writing sessions. Teachers display the correct terminology expected for each Year group in classrooms and expect the children to use and understand it.